May 24 -30
English in Mind, Promises, promises, page 83
May 17, Adverbs in English
Find the adjective in the first sentence and fill the gap with the adverb.
- Joanne is happy. She smiles .
- The boy is loud. He shouts .
- Her English is fluent. She speaks English .
- Our mum was angry. She spoke to us .
- My neighbour is a careless driver. He drives .
- The painter is awful. He paints .
- Jim is a wonderful piano player. He plays the piano .
- This girl is very quiet. She often sneaks out of the house .
- She is a good dancer. She dances really .
- This exercise is simple. You have to put one word in each space.
English in Mind, pages 75, read the text and do the exercises d, e, a, b, c on page 76
May 3 -7
English in Mind pages 73, 74
Read the text on page 73, do the exercises on page 74 a, b
April 26-May 30
Fortune Telling, English in Mind, pages 69, 70
Grammar Will, won’t
English in Mind, pages 66, 67
Page 68, check your Progress.
Yerevan is the capital of Armenia
Yerevan is the capital of Armenia. 1,1 mln people live in Yerevan and it is the largest city in Armenia.
Yerevan is the most important transport crossroad, as well as political, economic, cultural and scientific center. The city has 2 airports and Yerevan had a metro since 1981. The name of Yerevan originated from Urartian Erebuni fortress before it was called Yerevan city. Yerevan is more then 2800 year old. It has been the capital since 1918 and is the 12th in the history of Armenia.
Yerevan is located from 900 to 1300 meters above the sea level. The climate is mild. Hot dry summers and relatively short but cold winters are typical for Yerevan. It is divided into 2 parts by the Hrazdan River.
A walking tour is the best way to really get immersed in Yerevan’s culture, history and cuisine. The city centre is, of course, the place to do this, as it is home to landmarks like the grand Republic Square, the impressive Opera House, the 18th century Blue Mosque and the famous Cascade complex.
Walking around the city centre is a phenomenal way to see the history of the city, from the Persian times to the Soviet periods. You will also get a glimpse at Yerevan’s modern side, with contemporary architecture, coffee shops and trendy restaurants being found along the alleyways and the main streets.
Yerevan is a pretty old city that boasts a very long history, some of which is gruesome and some that is not. A great way to learn about the city’s past is to head to its museums.
The History Museum of Armenia has a collection of over 400,000 objects and is arguably the best museum for those that want to learn more about the city, as well as the entire country. It features Ethnography, Archaeology, Numismatics and Modern History departments, with collections in each.
The largest collection of Armenian art can be found at the National Gallery of Armenia, though it also displays work from numerous European and Russian artists. For a look into the country’s not so nice past, check out the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute.
English in Mind, pages 61, 62, 63
Read the text “Welcome to Cape Town”, answer the questions.
March 29- April 2
English in Mind, pages 59-60
English in Mind, pages 55-57
Students choose a woman they feel contributed something important to society and then create a presentation about her and the contribution. A variety of choices are offered …
English in Mind, pages 51,52,53
English in Mind, pages 47,48,49
English in Mind
Following A Dream, page 44
Read the text, answer the questions
Teenagers Earning Money, page 45
English in Mind, pages 41, 43
Silent Night with Lyrics | Christmas Carol
How many times have you thought as a child that tonight the Santa Claus will come and give gifts to you? Many times you may actually receive them although they are presents from your family.
Read and enjoy our stories about Christmas.
Making Friends, English in Mind, pages 33-35
Regular and Irregular Verbs, ex-ces b, d, e page 33
November 16- 27
Who is your hero?
English in mind, pages 25-29
Helping at a hospital
English in mind
School Clubs, read the text on page 16
Do the exercises on page 17
English in mind 1, pages 12-15
English in Mind 1, pages 6-11
Describe your house or flat.
September 28-October 2
Download this book English-in-Mind-1
English in mind 0, pages 82-85
What are your dreams trying to tell you?
Can you remember a time when you woke up from a fantastic or strange dream? Maybe you were afraid and turned on the light or the dream was so good you wanted to sleep longer. But do you think your dreams are telling you something?
CAN YOU SEE THE FUTURE IN DREAMS?
For hundreds of years, people thought dreams were messages from gods or spirits. Today, too, many people can remember a time when they saw a place or person in their dream and then, later, the dream happened in real life. Maybe that’s not surprising because we dream a lot but we probably only remember the times when something happens in a dream and then happens for real. Most people have four to six dreams every night after the age of ten. That’s as many as 2,000 dreams per year. So, an 80-year-old person has probably had 140,000 dreams. Maybe we forget 95–99 per cent of our dreams, but that’s still thousands of dreams that might ‘come true’.
ARE DREAMS RECYCLED THOUGHTS?
Around the 18th and 19th centuries, there were two popular ideas about dreams. One said that the things we see in our dreams are things we keep in our subconscious because we don’t want or need to think about them when we’re awake. The opposite idea said that while we’re sleeping, the brain organises memories and thoughts from the day. Dreams are just random thoughts from our day but we try to make a story from them when we wake up.
ARE DREAMS MESSAGES FROM OUR BRAINS?
But perhaps both ideas are a little bit right. Maybe dreams are made from the thoughts we have during the day, but we see them as symbols. For example, a dream of flying might be a symbol for an exciting new job. When we’re awake, we think in words most of the time. But when we’re sleeping, the part of our brain that helps us with language sleeps, and the part that makes us happy or sad or angry is awake and busy. So, maybe our thoughts come to us in dreams as feelings and symbols instead of words. If you can understand these symbols, you have a window into your subconscious. If you want to understand the messages, you have to match them to what’s happening in your life.
HOW CAN YOU UNDERSTAND THE MESSAGES?
One way to help you do this is to keep a dream diary. As soon as you wake up, write down everything you remember about your dreams. Use pen and paper, not your phone or computer because the light might wake you up and you’ll forget faster. Sometimes your eyes will be half-closed and your writing will be difficult to read.
Now you can match your dreams to your daily life. Think about the people and place where the dream happened, as they might mean something too. Also, how you were feeling in the dream is important. If you were afraid instead of happy in the flying dream, maybe it means you are worried about the new job. Are you ready to find out what your subconscious is trying to tell you?
Do you remember your dreams?
May 25-June 5
Թարգմանական նախագծեր – Շրջակա միջավայրի միջազգային օր՝ հունիսի 5 -ին ընդառաջ․ Բնապահպանական նախագիծ․ առաջարկում եմ համացանցից գտնել տեսանյութեր., բնապահպանական մուլտֆիլմներ, գովազդներ դիտել, քննարկել, առանձնացնել դժվար բառերը, թարգմանել, ձայնագրել, մոնտաժել։
English in Mind, revision pages 110-115
“A day without your mobile phone”
Describe what mobile phones you use and for what.
Let’s collect advantages and disadvantages of mobile phones.
Write an interesting short story: “A day without mobile phone”. It can be both imaginary and real.
Tell about other records you know.
April 13 – 17
Read the text and do the exercises;
Honor and Help Your Parents
Emily is a teenager and lives with her parents. She and her best friend, Kim, find out that their favorite band will give a concert in their town on Friday night. They really want to go, but they do not think their parents will let them.
Emily always asks her parents about the things that she wants to do, and they listen to what she has to say, so she decides to do the same thing this time. She explains that she wants to go to the concert with Kim, but her parents think that she is too young to go without an adult.
Emily tells Kim that she cannot go to the concert, but her friend’s answer is a real surprise to Emily. Kim tells her that she should just lie to her parents. “I asked my mom for permission to go and study with friends on Friday. But I will really go to the concert! She does not need to know,” Kim says.
Emily does not know what to say. She is always very honest with her parents, and they are fair in their decisions. Emily has never felt comfortable lying, and her parents always tell her that it is wrong.
“I really do not want to be dishonest with my parents,” Emily tells her friend.
“Oh, stop acting like a little kid! Everyone lies,” Kim replies.
But Emily is not so sure. She thinks that honesty is very important.
On Thursday, Kim invites Emily over to her house to watch a movie after school. When they get there, Kim and her mother get into a fight. Emily realizes that Kim lies to her mother all the time, and her mother does not trust her. Emily thinks this is terrible. She sits uncomfortably on the couch as Kim and her mother fight most of the afternoon.
As she sits there, Emily remembers that Kim always tells her how terrible her relationship with her mother is. Kim thinks her mother does not understand her, but Emily thinks maybe Kim’s mother is just tired of Kim being dishonest with her.
As she walks home, Emily decides she will not lie to her parents about the concert. There will be lots of concerts in the future, but these are the only parents she will ever have. She knows it is better to honor them and help them so that they can have a good relationship. Because her parents trust her, they let her do most of the things that she wants to do, and she really prefers it that way.
1. What does “crowd” mean?
a) very loud music
b) lots of people in the same place
c) a stage where musicians play
d) dangerous conditions
2. What does “lie” mean?
a) to say something that is not true
b) to tell a funny story
c) to talk about something that happened to you
d) to talk to someone in a mean way
3. What does “honor” mean?
a) to say nice things about someone
b) to be nice to someone
c) to be serious about something
d) to respect someone and treat them well
1. Kim tells Emily that she ________ lie to her parents.
2. Kim’s mother is just tired ________ Kim being dishonest with her.
3. ________ Thursday, Kim invites Emily over to her house.
March 30 -10 April
MISSING A CLASS
Do the preparation task first. Then listen to the audio and do the exercises.
GRAMMAR > EASILY CONFUSED WORDS IF OR WHEN?
- If I (to study), I (to pass) the exams.
- If the sun (to shine), we (to walk) into town.
- If he (to have) a temperature, he (to see) the doctor.
- If my friends (to come), I (to be) very happy.
- If she (to earn) a lot of money, she (to fly) to New York.
- If we (to travel) to London, we (to visit) the museums.
- If you (to wear) sandals in the mountains, you (to slip) on the rocks.
- If Rita (to forget) her homework, the teacher (to give) her a low mark.
- If they (to go) to the disco, they (to listen) to loud music.
- If you (to wait) a minute, I (to ask) my parents.
- If I (to come) home earlier, I (to prepare) dinner.
- If we (to live) in Rome, Francesco (to visit) us.
- If Tim and Tom (to be) older, they (to play) in our hockey team.
- If he (to be) my friend, I (to invite) him to my birthday party.
- If Susan (to study) harder, she (to be) better at school.
- If they (to have) enough money, they (to buy) a new car.
- If you (to do) a paper round, you (to earn) a little extra money.
- If Michael (to get) more pocket money, he (to ask) Doris out for dinner.
- If we (to win) the lottery, we (to fly) to San Francisco.
- If I (to meet) Brad Pitt, I (to ask) for his autograph.
Read the text, then take part in the discussion
We all know the stories. The princess falls in love with the prince. He rescues the damsel in distress from the tower or the dragon or the wicked queen … or anything at all really. The plot in many fairy tales relies on a woman in trouble needing a brave, strong man to rescue her.
I loved Disney as a child, and I still do, but it is clear that stories such as Snow White and Sleeping Beauty are based on gender stereotypes. They show children that women spend their time looking pretty, cooking and cleaning and that women need a man to look after them. These ideals are old-fashioned and outdated. I personally would feel uncomfortable teaching these values to children – boys or girls.
Luckily, Disney has clearly seen that their female characters were weak and helpless and their new films feature strong female characters. Tangled, which tells Disney’s story of Rapunzel, was released in 2010. Rapunzel is an intelligent and creative 18 year old who asks a man to help her to visit the kingdom. Although he is helping her, she also helps and saves him. She uses her intelligence and people skills to save him from a group of criminals, and she uses her magic (perhaps a symbol for special talents) to heal him when he is hurt.
Disney’s award winning film Frozen was released in 2013. Based on Hans Christian Anderson’s story The Snow Queen, it tells of a young girl, Elsa. Elsa can make it snow and turn water to ice. When she starts an eternal winter, it is her sister, Anna, who decides to save the kingdom. When Anna’s heart is frozen, an act of true love is needed to save her. We immediately think of true love’s kiss. In the end, the act of true love which saves Anna is her decision to give up her life for Elsa.
The females in these stories are intelligent, brave and adventurous. They are better role models for young girls and show children that girls can be heroes too. Disney’s choice to show strong, independent females working together with men shows the progress which has been made in gender equality. Hopefully, through efforts such as this, the idea that a man always rescues the woman will not be passed on to future generations.
Who are your favorite strong, independent female leads from film or fiction? Why?
What is your dream job?
Tell about your dream car.
What phobias do you have?
What is your favorite song?
What is the best modern invention?
Which is more important: love, money or health?
Are you a pet lover?
Would you like to be famous?
Who is your favorite artist?
What is your favorite subject at school?
What is your favorite time of the day?
Are you a romantic person?
What gets you really angry?
Tell about your dream house.
What makes you happy?
Do you know what makes you happy or do you just think you know? At first, these two questions look the same. If you think something makes you happy, then it makes you happy. You know yourself, don’t you?
Write a list of all the things that make you happy. How many of them are fun? Most of them? So, if you spend your time doing all these fun things, you’ll be really happy, won’t you?
Well, maybe not. For most people, fun isn’t enough for real happiness. Paul Dolan wrote a book called Happiness by Design. He thinks happiness comes from both pleasure and purpose. If most of the things on your list are about pleasure, that is what you think makes you happy. But you also need activities with purpose.
We usually know if something is fun, but we don’t know what brings meaning. For example, most people think air pilots have jobs with clear purpose. They fly hundreds of people all over the world. But they spend a lot of time in boring hotels and airports and they do the same things hundreds of times. Those activities might not bring meaning – and they’re probably not fun. So pilots also need to find pleasure and purpose in their work and life.
There are different ways we can find purpose in things. Some activities might be motivating because they work for the good of people and the world around us. Or what you do might help a team you’re working in.
If you’re a student, your ‘job’ is studying and passing exams. It’s easy to do well in subjects you like, but subjects you don’t like are less motivating. They’re not fun for you, but you have to study them so you need to find purpose. An A in a subject you hate won’t help the world. But can you be part of a study team with friends? Each person can study one part until they understand it and then teach it to the rest of the group. The purpose becomes helping the team.
Go back to your list of things that make you happy. How many of them are activities that bring purpose? Can you add any? Remember, some activities might bring both pleasure and purpose.
Now you need to design a happy life. Paul Dolan believes people should ‘decide, design, do’. First decide what brings you pleasure and/or purpose – that means your two lists. Then, don’t just think about these activities, fill your life with them. For example, you might love riding a bike but never have time to do it. So, ride to school or the library or the shops. If you live too far away, take your bike on the bus or train. Get off early and ride the rest of the way. If you go in the car, put it in the back, stop a few kilometres away and ride the rest. Or move somewhere you can ride more. Some parts of our lives are good or bad luck, but we can still design the rest to make more happiness.
Check your progress
Write down the correct form (pronoun + verb).
Simple Past Present Perfect Simple
I / open
he / write
they / do
you / swim
she / give
When do we use which tense?
‘Already’ is a signal word for …
Present Perfect Simple
‘Just’ is a signal word for …
Present Perfect Simple
‘2 years ago’ is a signal word for …
Present Perfect Simple
‘Yet’ is a signal word for …
Present Perfect Simple
‘Yesterday’ is a signal word for …
Present Perfect Simple
Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
Mary (win) the lottery last year.
We (prepare / already) dinner.
James (find) your ring in the garden yesterday.
He (come / just) home.
They (buy) their car two years ago.
Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
I (see / not) anyone yet.
Phil (go / not) to the cinema last night.
We (be / not) to the zoo so far.
She (arrive / not) yet.
Emily (visit / not) me last week.
Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
(you / read) the book yet?
How many letters (they / write) so far?
When (he / tell) you that?
(you / be) at home last night?
How often (you / travel) abroad till now?
Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).
A: (you / taste / ever) sushi?
B: Yes, I (eat) sushi at least five times so far.
A: When (you / eat) sushi for the first time?
B: I (eat) sushi for the first time on my dad’s 50th birthday. He (invite) the whole family to a Japanese restaurant.
A: (you / like) it?
B: Absolutely. In fact, it (be) so good that we (be) to that restaurant three times yet. And on my mum’s birthday, we (order) some sushi and (have) it at home.
Put the verbs into the correct form (future ). Use going to.
It …..(rain) .
They…. (eat) stew.
I (wear)…. blue shoes tonight.
We ….(not / help) you.
Jack ….(not / walk) home.
….(cook / you) dinner?
Sue ….(share / not) her biscuits.
….(leave / they) the house?
…take part / she) in the contest?
I ….(not / spend) my holiday abroad this year.
Do you think you would like to live alone?
Four years ago I was living in a boarding house with more than 20 girls, and last year I lived in a uni house with 5 girls. Now I find myself living alone … There are definitely both advantages and disadvantages to my new living situation!
Since I’ve lived by myself I can get away with doing things that I couldn’t do when I lived with other people. For example, last week I ate Pringles for breakfast and ice cream for dinner and no one was here to judge me! It also means I can dance as ridiculously and sing as loudly as I want and no one is here to tell me to be quiet or capture these embarrassing moments on camera.
One of the best things about living alone is that I don’t have to deal with annoying habits and messy housemates. I’ve had many different roommates and flatmates and however much I’ve loved (some) of them, everyone does irritating things and not everybody is a tidy person.
Despite these advantages, there are times when I miss living with other people. Firstly, I miss making and eating dinner with others. Secondly, I miss coming home to flatmates and telling them all about my day and hearing about theirs. Finally, and most importantly, I can no longer watch horror films (my favourite genre) because I get too scared by myself!
Advantages and Disadvantages of Watching Television
Is Television Good or Bad for People?
Some people claim that television is the root of all evil, while others think of television as a best friend. Some blame the television for society’s violence, consumerism, and misinformation, while others see it as a rich resource for education and global understanding.
Who is right?
I know many people who just can’t seem to live without TV. As soon as they get home, they turn it on. Even if they have work to do, family to be with, or friends to see, they do it all with the TV on. For many of us, television is such a constant presence in our lives that we haven’t stopped to question whether or not it is good, and most never ask ourselves if and how television might be hurting us.
For those of you who are asking this question—to satisfy your own curiosity or for an essay, debate, or other school project—below you will find the costs and benefits of watching television.
The Pros & Cons of Screen Time
What are the Advantages of Watching Television?
- In this busy, expensive life, television is an easy and cheap source of entertainment.
- By watching international news, we are kept informed and up-to-date with breaking news around the world.
- Some shows and channels (like PBS and Discovery) offer educational programs that can increase our knowledge and make us more aware of the world around us.
- Do-it-yourself shows give us easy access to all kinds of information: Cooking channels offer new recipes and methods, home improvement shows introduce us to many money-saving DIY tips, and financial advisers give advice for managing finances and investing money, for example. Television can also be a good way to help people learn a different language.
- Some shows can motivate people who are interested in that field and help them to pursue their dreams.
- Television can help you feel less lonely. Psychologists coined the term “social surrogacy” to explain how television can fill the shoes of absent friends or family. In one study published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, researchers found that people who watch a favorite TV show report feeling less lonely during the show.
- TV can expand your mind. Some shows let you travel vicariously and teach you about different people, cultures, ideas, and places you might never encounter in real life. Watching a variety of shows might give us a broader understanding of the world we live in and expose us to things we might otherwise never come across in our own lives.
- TV can make you feel like part of a group and let you participate in a shared subculture. In social situations where you may find yourself surrounded by strangers with whom you have nothing in common, a popular show or televised sporting event might give you something to talk about.
- Gathering around the television gives families, friends, and strangers something to bond over. Even if you’re not interested in the Olympics, watching the games with your family might bring you closer together; reminiscing about shows you’ve watched together gives you shared history and memories.
- There may be certain health benefits to watching television. If a certain show makes you laugh, for example, then an argument can be made for its mood-elevating merits. While exercising, television can distract you from what you’re doing and therefore enable you to last longer on the treadmill (there’s a good reason why so many gyms have televisions, after all!). One study from the University of Rochester found that people felt more energetic after watching nature scenes.
English in Mind
Check your progress, do exercises on page 81
Wings of Hope
In 1971, a plane came apart over the Peruvian jungle close to where Werner Herzog was filming Aguirre, the Wrath of God. The only survivor from nearly 100 passengers was Juliane Kopcke, a 17-year-old German girl, who escaped from the jungle after the search was called off. Years later…
English in mind, pages 74-76
Type in will or won’t.
- They back by 6:30 pm. (to be)
- you me? (to help)
- When I you again? (to see)
- His parents him for being late. (not/to punish)
- they the contract tonight? (to sign)
- It us three hours to get there. (to take)
- this concert money for our school club? (to raise)
- This van with 8 people in it. (not/to break down)
- The meeting before tomorrow morning. (not/to close)
- When she me a copy of her essay? (to send)
1. Don’t get up, I answer the phone.
2. If you eat too much you put on weight.
4. Don’t stay out too late, you get up on time.
4. I don’t think she pass the exam, she isn’t very good.
5. You may as well go home now, I be back for hours.
6. Go to bed and you feel better tomorrow.
7. It’s Mary’s birthday next month. She be 18.
8. They are on holiday for two weeks so they be here tomorrow.
9. they want dinner?
10. If the weather is ok, the plane leave on time.
Simple Past Tense Exercise: change the verbs in brackets to the simple past. Be careful with spellings.
- 1) They all (go) ___ shopping.
- 2) I never (imagine) ____ I would see you here.
- 3) We (book) ___ two tickets for the show.
- 4) He (collect) ___ his children from school.
- 5) Were you (frighten) ___ of the dark when you were young?
- 6) Who (eat) ___ my chocolate?
- 7) I (feel) so tired that I went straight to bed.
- 8) We (grow) ___ this tree from a seed.
- 9) She (lose) ___ her way home.
- 10) He thought I (steal) his umbrella.
Grammar in Use, Unit 1
Read the text on page 72, unit 9
Is bullying a problem in your school? What can people do to stop it?
Kay got another message as she was leaving for school.
unknown number: You’re so ugly.
She put her phone in her pocket and walked to the bus stop. There were messages every day now. Who was it? Why were they doing it? The phone beeped.
Now even her friends weren’t talking to her. Becky was the only one who was still friendly. She was Kay’s oldest friend. The phone beeped again. It was a comment on her Facebook photo.
princesspusheen: No one wants to look at you. Loser!
Kay felt really upset. She was trying to delete the messages and block the users. But more messages came from different names. Becky thought it was a hacker. Kay contacted the sites telling them what was happening but they didn’t answer.
Becky was waiting at the bus stop. ‘Hi, Kay, are you all right?’ ‘No. There were more messages this morning. Do you think I should go to the police?’ ‘Maybe,’ said Becky. ‘But I don’t think they can help. I think he’s using anon.com. Hackers use that website to hide their identity so the police can’t find them. Anyway, I think I know who it is …’ Just then the bus came and they got on.
There were lots of kids from school on the bus. Kay thought they were all looking at her. Julie McGann was talking quietly to her friend. They both started laughing. Kay and Becky sat down. ‘Who is it?’ asked Kay. ‘Shh! He’s sitting at the back. Don’t look!’ Kay looked around. Ollie Jones was on the back seat, looking at his phone. ‘But why?’ asked Kay. ‘You finished with him, didn’t you?’ said Becky. ‘What? We weren’t going out,’ said Kay. ‘And I don’t even like him.’ ‘Yeah, well I heard he really liked you.’
That day at school was really bad. When she didn’t have classes with Becky no one sat next to her or talked to her. There were more messages.
anookins2014: What happened to your face?
pixiestar: You make me sick.
bellatricks17: Everyone hates you!
By lunchtime Kay was really upset. Mrs Gibson her music teacher saw her crying and Kay told her everything. She offered to go to the police with Kay. She said they were better at finding cyberbullies now. The bell rang. It was time for class.
Kay had ICT next. Her class was in the computer room, but the teacher wasn’t there yet. Becky was in a different group for ICT. Everyone went quiet when Kay came in. There was only one computer left. She moved the mouse and saw the website. It was called hatekay.com. There were photos of Kay but they were changed to make them look horrible. There was one of Kay that looked like a zombie. There was a message at the top of the page:
Like this page if you hate Kay Granger.
There were more than 100 likes. Her phone beeped.
unknown number: I’m watching you.
Kay ran from the room and didn’t stop until she got home. She didn’t go back to school that week. She didn’t switch on her computer or mobile phone. On Monday, Mrs Gibson called. The police thought they knew who the bully was. Kay decided to go and tell Becky.
Becky was in her bedroom working on her computer. They started to talk, but then Becky’s mum opened the door. She looked worried. ‘Becky, can you come downstairs?’ Kay stood up too. ‘Could you wait here please, Kay?’
Kay waited, but Becky didn’t come back. Then the computer started beeping. It was a message. Kay looked at the screen. She couldn’t believe what she saw. There were photos of Ollie Jones. Some of them had kisses around them. There was one of Becky and Ollie together. There was a message at the bottom of the screen. Kay clicked on it and a website opened up. It was anon.com. It was Becky’s home page. Just then the door opened. It was Becky’s mum. She was very upset. There was someone standing behind her. ‘Kay, this policewoman wants to talk to you.’
What does Christmas mean to you?
Is Christmas too commercial nowadays?
Should people go to church at Christmas?
Is it important to buy presents at Christmas?
What do you usually eat at Christmas?
Do you think Christmas is the best holiday of the year?
How should a very traditional Christmas be spent?
What do you want for Christmas?
What is Christmas?
Is Christmas the same today as it was 100 years ago?
What’s the best Christmas you’ve ever had?
Is there anything stressful about Christmas?
Is Christmas better in the cold Northern Hemisphere or on a beach in the Southern Hemisphere?
Have your feelings towards Christmas changed since you were a child?
What do you usually do on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day?
What is your favourite Christmas song?
What do you know about Santa Claus?
How do you feel when Christmas is over for another year?
A friend in need is a friend indeed
A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed is a proverb that refers to the importance and value of true friends in life and reveals that: ‘a friend is a true friend only when he/she helps his/her friend in the need’.
A friend is of much importance for everyone especially in the bad times. Actually, we know the truth about a friend in our bad times when we really need them and their help. Good friends always help us and be with us in our all good or bad times however selfish and mean friends be with us only in our good times and they left us in bad times when we really need them.
Change the verb into the past simple
1) I (hear) a new song on the radio.
2) I (read) three books last week.
3) They speak) French to the waitress.
4) He (understand) during the class, but now he doesn’t understand.
5) I (forget) to buy some milk.
6) She (have) a baby in June.
7) You (lose) your keys last week.
8) They (swim) 500m.
9) I give) my mother a CD for Christmas.
10) At the age of 23, she (become) a doctor.
11) I (know) the answer yesterday.
12) He (tell) me that he lived in Toronto.
13) We (lend) John £200.
14) She (drink) too much coffee yesterday.
15) The children (sleep) in the car.
16) He (keep) his promise.
17) I (choose) steak for dinner.
18) The film (begin) late.
19) We (fly) to Sydney.
20) They (drive) to Beijing.
21) He (teach) English at the University.
22) I (send) you an email earlier.
23) We (leave) the house at 7am.
24) He (feel) terrible after eating the prawns.
25) She (bring) some chocolates to the party.
Read the text and (The Ping Pong Friendship), answer the questions.
Complete the sentences
1. On Saturday I __ (play) computer games with my cousins.1
2. My mum __ (not cook) dinner last night.
3. I __ (walk) to school because there weren´t any buses.
4. They __ (not dance) at the party.
5. My brother __ (travel) to Ireland last summer.
Write the past simple of these verbs
1. copy __
2. revise __
3. cycle __
4. listen __
5. practice __
6. play __
7. like __
8. move __
9. shout __
10. start __
Write the words in the correct order.
1. film? / like / you / Did / the /
2. you / many / did / ask? / How / people /
3. a / have / time? / they / Did / good /
4. did / weekend? / the / What / do / we / at /
5. she / DVD? / Where / that / did / buy /
6. party / on / your / go / Saturday? / he / Did / to /
7. did / yesterday? / Who / you / see /
Correct the sentences
1. Did he went to school yesterday?
2. Why did you to go home early?
3. Where you did learn English?
4. Did she works today?
5. What do you this yesterday?
6. Did they last night phone you?
Regular (R) or irregular (I) verbs?
1. fly __
2. use __
4. eat __
5. make __
7. see __
Complete the sentences with the past simple
be – get up – meet – have – go – run – drink – sleep – swim – eat
1. I __ a shower and some fruit for breakfast.
2. Then I __ to the sports centre.
3. I __ 500 meters in the swimming pool and then
4. I __ 5 kilometers.
5. At lunchtime I __ my friends in a café.
6. We __ some pasta and __ some juice.
7. After lunch I __ for a few hours, I __ tired!
Complete the sentences
1. I opened the door and __ (look) inside.
2. Who __ (close) all the windows?
3. I __ (carry) my mom´s shopping bag.
4. I __ (not climb) over the fence.
5. I __ (rip) my shirt.
6. The plane __ (land) ten minutes ago.
7. We __ (live) in that house when I was a baby.
8. My brother __ (not cry) when he fell of his bike.
9. We __ (walk) to school yesterday.
10. She __ (smile) when she saw me.
11. We __ (hurry) to the station to catch the train.
12. She __ (laugh) when I told her the joke.
13. We __ (race) each other on our bikes.
14. Dad __ (not help) me with my homework.
15. Helen __ (whisper) me a secret.
16. Luis Miguel __ (hurry) to catch a bus.
17. We __ (return) our books to the library.
18. She __ (not kiss) the frog.
19. The frog __ (change) into a prince.
20. Two doctors __ (rush) into the room.
21. I __ (not kick) the ball very hard.
22. Who __ (invent) the computer?
23. Dinosaurs __ (live) many years ago.
24. It __ (not snow) last night.
25. They __ (not work) until twelve last night.
1. I __ (lose) my watch in the park.
2. David __ (not hurt) his knee.
3. I kicked the ball and it __ (break) a window.
4. My new shoes __ (not cost) a lot of money.
5. I __ (get) this book from the library.
6. We had a garage where we __ (keep) our car.
7. Ali __ (cut) his knee.
8. The glass __ (fall) off the table.
9. The glass __ (not break).
10. We __ (sell) our old car.
11. We __ (buy) a new car.
12. The bell __ (not ring).
13. We all __ (go) into school.
14. The dog __ (catch) the ball.
15. The man __ (not kneel) down.
16. Our cat __ (run) onto the road.
17. Jane __ (not write) a letter.
18. I __ (buy) a new camera last week.
19. We __ (drive) to a safari park yesterday.
20. Yesterday Dad __ (not take) me to the carnival.
21. Elizabeth __ (give) Eva a chocolate.
22. Jack and Jill __ (not go) up the hill.
23. Her ring __ (cost) ten Euros.
24. I __ (put) sugar in my coffee.
25. He __ (not hit) the ball over the net.
Tell the story – fill in the past simple tense
On Friday, the children (talk) about a day out together in the country. The next morning, they (go) to the country with their two dogs and (play) together. Ben and Dave (have) some kites. Some time later the dogs (be) not there. So they (call) them and (look) for them in the forest. After half an hour the children (find) them and (take) them back. Charlie (be) very happy to see them again. At lunch time Nick (go) to the bikes and (fetch) the basket with some meat sandwiches. Then they (play) football. Nick and Dave (win). In the evening they (ride) home.
|burn||burned or burnt||burned or burnt|
|dream||dreamed or dreamt||dreamed or dreamt|
|get||got||got (sometimes gotten)|
|learn||learned or learnt||learned or learnt|
|show||showed||showed or shown|
Test yourself with these fun irregular verbs quizzes
Read the text and check your ideas
Exercises page 27, 28
Regular Verbs, page 28
English in Mind
The Bone in Throat
This Short Story The Bone in Throat is quite interesting to all the people. Enjoy reading this story.
Once upon a time, there was a lazy wolf living in a jungle. Near his house was a pond. Many animals came to the pond to drink water. The wolf was always in search of food.
One day, he was sitting near the pond hoping to get something to eat. When suddenly he spotted a dead bull. “Aha! What a luck! Now I can eat all I want,” he thought and his mouth strated watering.
He began to eat the bull. A thought struck him, “if another beast comes this way he will ask for a share. I had better eat fast.” ‘Grub! Grub! Grub! Grub1’ he chewed, faster and faster.
In his haste, a piece of bone got stuck in his throat. “Ohh! Errk!” cried the wolf. He tried to bring it out of his mouth. He tried to cough it out but in vain. Next, he tried to swallow it down but he failed.
“Ooh, the bone in throat hurts. What shall I do now?” thought the wolf. Suddenly he remembered that a crane lived on the nearby riverbank.
The wolf went to the crane and pleaded, “My dear Crane! I have got a bone stuck in my throat. I will give you a present, if you pull it out of my throat with your long beak.”
The crane took pity on the wolf. He asked the wolf to look up with his mouth open. The crane then put its head into the wolf’s mouth and pulled out the bone.
“Oh! What a relief!” the wolf sighed.
“Now where is my present?” asked the crane.
“What -present?” the wolf replied, pretending not aware of its promise.
“You said that you would give me a present if I remove the bone from your throat,” said the crane humbly.
“Hah! Is it not a present that you put your head into my mouth and got out alive? I could have easily crushed your head while your beak was inside my mouth,” said the ungrateful wolf and went away.
The crane felt helpless and decided not to help any ungrateful creature in the future.
We have spoken about what pupils do at school, at lessons and during breaks. But boys and girls don’t spend the whole day at school. This talk will be about what they do when school is over and they are free. Not everybody goes home after the last lesson. Many boys and girls – the most active members of the class and school – stay at school for so me time for social activities. They organize parties, conferences, and games meetings. The school library is open at this time for pupils who come to choose a new book or read an interesting magazine. There are different after-school clubs at school; each member of an after-school club goes there to do something which interests him. Sports sections are also very popular. Their members play games and go in for gymnastics. You can see boys and girls from all classes either in the gymnasium or on the sport-ground. As you know, schoolchildren have to study after school, too. They have homework to do. When do you think it is better to begin doing homework? As doctors and teachers say, the best time is after dinner and an hour’s walk. If you have no rest, it’ll be difficult to prepare your lessons. Work about the house is a good rest from studying, too. The English people say, “A change of work is as good as a rest”. So it is useful to go to the shops and buy something. But if you meet a friend in the street, don’t talk too much because you’ll have too little time for your lessons.
1. What do you like to do after school?
2. Can you do what you like or there are things you must do?
3. Does your school have playing fields?
4. What is your favorite kind of sport?
5. What out-of-school activities are you fond of?
School clubs, read the text
ESL Conversation Questions:
- When did you start school? Do you remember your first day?
- How far do you have to travel from home to school? How do you get to school?
- Do you enjoy school life? What did you like and dislike about it?
- Who is your favorite teacher? What do you remember about him or her?
- What is your favorite subject at school? Why?
- Do you have to wear a uniform to school?
- How many children are there in your class? What is the best number of students for a class?
- What do you and your classmates do during your lunch break?
- Is there bullying at your school?
- Do you get a lot of homework? Do you think it helped you learn?
- How much sport do you do at school? Is sport important for school kids?
- When students behave badly, how are they punished at your school?
- What do you think about physical punishment? Is it effective?
- Did you ever skip school? What did you do instead of going to school?
We will summarize «My Hobby».
Present simple tense; positive, negative, question worksheet
1- My family often ….(go) out for dinner.
2- Jason and Lisa always....(like) to talk in class.
3- She .... (drink) coffee all the time.
4 - They never ....(listen) to the teacher.
5 - A good student always .....(perform) well in class.
6 - Our friends sometimes ....(meet) up in the shopping mall.
7 - Her aunty .... (like) to cook dinner for people.
8 - John's dog usually .....(0bey) him.
9 - Lisa never .....(do) her homework.
10. Every morning I .....(get up) at seven o'clock and (have) a shower.
2- Aunty Sharon ....eat chicken every night.
3 - John and Lisa ... do their homework on weekends.
4 - Tim's baby........cry.
5 - We ....always play football on Saturday.
6 - He ....watch the T.V. on Saturdays
7 - I .....understand my English homework.
8 - My house .......have a garden.
9 - The shop .....,.open until 12 o'clock.
10 - She .....like to play basketball.
Exercise 3 use the Interrogative form of Present Simple.
1 -......Lucy go to school at 8 o'clock in the morning?
2 ..... you want a drink?
3 .....your teacher shout?
4 ....Martyn and Janice like to dance at the weekends?
5 .....your family go on holiday?
6 ......Jason have a course tomorrow?
7 ....you want to go to the cinema?
8 ......his mother go to the gym?
9 .....you like to swim?
10 ....Michael's friends eat breakkfast in the morning?
Exercise 4 - Please correct the Present Simple sentences or questions.
1 - school/always/go to/I 2 - plays/never/football/Tom
3 - sometimes/meet/up/we
4 - don't/coffee/drink/like to/I
5 - sometimes/late/John/does/come/to school?
An unusual hobby/to retell the text/page 12
Write an essay My Hobby
An unusual hobby(page 12) to read the text and discuss,then try to describe your own hobby
Խնդրում եմ ներբեռնել ձեր նոթբուքերում:
Was or Were – Exercise
Fill in was or were into the gaps.
If there is a (-) use the negation (wasn’t or weren’t).
1. Last year my best friend 22 years old.
2. The weather cold when we in Berlin.
3. Why you so angry yesterday?
4. At this time last year Sandra in Paris.
5. We tired because it late at night.
6. Tim asleep at ten o’clock yesterday. (-)
7. Our hotel last year small, but it very clean.
8. I phoned you at the weekend, but you at home. (-)
9. My dad at work the whole week, because he was ill. (-)
10. The shops open yesterday, but we didn’t go there.
11. My friends at the shopping mall two days ago.
12. Claire and I at school last Monday. (-)
13. Liam at home when you came back from work?
14. They didn’t tell where they on May 2nd.
15. Autumn really warm and dry this year.
16. When Tom a child, he afraid of dogs.
17. There a good movie on TV at prime time. (-)
18. My daughters in the USA two years ago.
19. She at home when they broke into her house. (-)
20. What your biggest success as professional
Present Simple or Progressive
Present Progressive or Present Simple? Complete with the correct tense.
1. I never of ghosts. (dream)
2. Tom English at school. (learn)
3. Listen! Ann the piano. (play)
4. What are you doing? I a model plane. (make)
5. Can you help me? No, sorry, I the baby. (look after)
6. Mum always coffee in the afternoon. (drink)
7. Where is mum? She dinner. (cook)
8. Who ? This is Mr Blackwell. (speak)
9. We often eggs for breakfast. (have)
10. What are you doing? I for my English test. (learn)
11. Tom his bike at the moment. (clean)
12. He his uncle every Wednesday. (visit)
13. What are you doing? I TV. (watch)
14. Today it (not rain), the sun (shine).
15. They sometimes to the cinema on Sundays. (go)
Complete these sentences. Use the verbs below.
clean – die – enjoy – end – happen – live – open – play – rain – repair – start – stay – want – watch1. Yesterday evening I TV.
2. I only my teeth four times last week.
3. Bruce his mountain bike yesterday evening.
4. The concert last night at 7.30 and at 10 o’clock.
5. The accident last Sunday afternoon.
6. When I was a child I to be a lawyer.
7. Mozart from 1756 to 1791.
8. We our holiday last week.
9. Today the weather is nice, but yesterday it .
10. It was hot in the room, so I the window.
11. The weather was good yesterday afternoon, so we tennis.
12. William Shakespeare in 1616.
1. Do you know how paper is made?
2. When and where do you think paper was first used?
3. Paper is used for many different purposes nowadays. List several of these.
4. Do you know when the printing press was invented?
5. Why has paper become an environmental problem?
Paper is a material made mainly from wood pulp. It is used for writing, printing, and art work,
to wrap things, and even to cover walls.
To make paper, woodchips are heated with chemicals, a process that turns them into pulp.
The pulp is strained, washed, and put through a screen to remove any unwanted material.
More chemicals are added, and the pulp is beaten until it is the correct texture. It is then
put through a papermaking machine to form into sheets or rolls of paper. Finally, it is passed
through heated metal rollers to give it a smooth finish.
Paper has a long history. About 5,000 years ago, the Egyptians made paper from papyrus, a
marsh reed. They used it to record business transactions, religious ceremonies, or stories and
In 105 A.D., Ts’ai-Lun of China discovered how to make paper out of cotton or flax. The
process he invented is the basis of modern papermaking. His technique was known in Korea,
Japan, Tibet, and India by the 7th century and in the Middle East by the 10th century.
Until the 1200s, Europeans wrote on parchment, which was made from animal skins and was
expensive to produce. After the printing press was invented in 1456, printing materials were
in great demand. To meet this demand, Europeans adopted the Chinese way of making
paper because it was much cheaper.
In 1690, Pennsylvania became home to the first paper mill in America. By 1810, several mills
existed and rags for paper production were getting harder to find. However, about the same
time, Mathias Koop of England discovered how to make paper out of wood pulp and the
mills switched to it. Papermaking machines were invented soon after.
Today, paper is so common that it is an environmental problem and has given rise to many
Paper COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS
A. True or False. Read the statements below. If the statement is true, write T beside the
sentence. If it is false, write F. If it is false, correct the information.
1. The Egyptians first made paper from papyrus. _________
2. The Egyptian process of paper making is the basis of modern papermaking. _________
3. Before the invention of the printing press, Europeans wrote on animal skins. _________
4. Using animal skins was cheaper than the Chinese way of making paper. _________
5. The first American paper mill opened in 1810. _________
B. The Process of Making Paper – Put the following statements in the correct order.
_________ The pulp is strained and washed.
_________ The pulp is beaten until it is the correct texture.
_________ Woodchips are heated with chemicals.
_________ The paper is passed through heated rollers to give it a smooth finish.
_________ The woodchips turn into pulp.
_________ The pulp is put through a screen to remove unwanted material.
_________ The pulp is made into sheets or rolls of paper.
_________ More chemicals are added.
C. Practice asking and answering the following questions with your partner. Then write the
answers in complete sentences.
1. What did the Egyptians use to make paper? ____________________________________________
2. What did the Egyptians use their paper for? _____________________________________________
3. What was Ts’ai-Lun’s discovery and why was it so important? ____________________________
4. Why was there such a great demand for paper in the 15th century? ______________________
5. Why have paper recycling programs become so important in modern society? ___________
Paper VOCABULARY REVIEW
A. Choose the word(s) with the closest meaning to the underlined words in the following
1. Woodchips are turned into pulp.
a) water b) blocks c) a soft mass of material
2. Egyptians made paper from papyrus, a marsh reed.
a) cotton b) a type of grass that grows in water c) large tree
3. After the printing press was invented, paper was in great demand.
a) needed, desired a lot b) very expensive c) ordered
4. Europeans adopted the Chinese way of making paper.
a) liked b) changed c) used
5. Ts’ai-Lun discovered how to make paper out of cotton.
a) found out b) studied c) taught
B. Match the words on the left with the correct meaning on the right.
_____ 1. switch a) create, make something new
_____ 2. strain b) area of low-lying wet land
_____ 3. texture c) writing material made from the skin of animals
_____ 4. marsh d) cover
_____ 5. century e) usual
_____ 6. technique f) put through a screen or net to separate materials
_____ 7. parchment g) a hundred years
_____ 8. wrap h) change
_____ 9. invent i) arrangement or feel of material
_____ 10. common j) method
C. Choose one of the words from the left column above to answer the following questions.
1. What do you do with tea made from loose tea leaves before you drink it? ________________
2. What do you do with gifts before you give them? ________________
Paper DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
1. How did the invention of the printing press change the world?
2. Do you think that the use of e-mail and the Internet has cut down on our use of paper?
3. What kind of paper recycling programs are there in your community?
4. In what ways do you recycle paper? Together with your group members, try to think of
as many ways as possible to reduce the amount of paper we use.