Check Yourself

  1. Answer the questions based on the information you gathered from the passage.

The Olympic Games originated in 776 B.C. in Olympia, a small town in Greece. Participants in the first Olympiad are said to have run a 200-yard race, but as the Games were held every four years, they expanded in scope. Only Greek amateurs were allowed to participate in this festival in honor of the god Zeus. The event became a religious, patriotic, and athletic occasion where winners were honored with wreaths and special privileges. There was a profound change in the nature of the Games under the Roman emperors. After they became professional circuses and carnivals, they were banned in 394 A.D. by Emperor Theodosius.

The modern Olympic Games began in Athens in 1896 as a result of the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French educator whose desire was to promote international understanding through athletics. Nine nations participated in the first Games; over 100 nations currently compete.

The taint of politics and racial controversy, however, has impinged upon the Olympic Games in our epoch. In 1936, Hitler, whose country hosted the Games, affronted Jesse Owens, an African American runner, by refusing to congratulate Owens for the feat of having won four gold medals. In the 1972 Munich Games, the world was appalled by the deplorable murder of eleven Israeli athletes by Arab terrorists. The next Olympic Games in Montreal were boycotted by African nations; in addition, Taiwan withdrew. In 1980, following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, sixty-two nations caused great consternation to their athletes by refusing to participate in the Games. The consensus among those nations was that their refusal would admonish the Soviets.


  1. The first Olympic Games were held

(A) for political reasons                                        (B) as an international competition

(C) as a religious festival                                      (D) as a professional athletes’ competition

  1. 2. Why were the Games discontinued?


(A) They had ceased to be sports events.     (B) The Romans did not enjoy them.

(C) The emperors hated athletes.            (D) Winners were getting special privileges.

  1. Olympic Games are held

(A) every decade                                               (B) biannually

(C) every four years                                             (D)   perennially

  1. 4. The Greek Olympic Games were __________ in nature.

(A) religious                                               (B) national

(C) athletic                                                             (D) All of the above.

  1. 5. The Games were resumed in modern times for the purpose of

(A) giving amateur athletes a chance to participate


(B) promoting goodwill among nations

(C) creating an apolitical arena

(D) None of the above.

  1. You can infer that the athletes in sixty-two nations in 1980 were

(A) terribly disappointed                                                      (B) very happy

(C) participants                                                                                (D) boycotted

  1. 7. The last three Olympic Games mentioned in the passage were notorious for their


(A) racial discrimination                                         (B) triumphant victories

(C) fidelity to the goals of the Olympic Games         (D) political controversy


  1. Choose from the four phrases after each of the following sentences the one which most suitably fills the blank spaces.
  2. What Father said was brief and ……….. .
  3. on the point     b) to the point                     c) up to a point            d) in point
  4. Yes, we do eat out …….. , but not very often. It’s so expensive nowadays.
  5. in time     b) from time to time            c) against time             d) at one time
  6. You might be able to get their flat if you’re lucky. They’re ……… of giving it up.
  7. beside the point b) to the point                     c) on the point             d) in point
  8. They’re most unpunctual people but because the boss was going to be at the party they had to be …….. for once.
  9. in time      b) to time                            c) with time                 d) at the same time
  10. You’re quite right, of course, but ……… you needn’t have been so rude about it.
  11. at one time      b) from time to time           c) at the same time      d) at times
  12. I’m sure that when it comes ……… she won’t marry him, after all.
  13. in point      b) up to a point                   c) to the point              d) in a point
  14. It’s wonderful! The trains here always leave, and nearly always arrive ……. .
  15. in time             b) on time                           c) to time                     d) with time
  16. We’re fighting ………. to finish the job for you before the end of the week.
  17. in time      b) on time                           c) by the time              d) against time



  • The blank spaces in these sentences need either the  or a (an) or no article at all.
  1. After 1) ……… awful accident he had 2)…….. last month, he spent 3)…….. week in 4)………… hospital. He had 5)………. private room which had  6) ……… visitor’s bed in it, so his wife was able to spend 7)……… lot of 8)……… time with him at 9)……… hospital.
  2. We don’t go to 10) ……. cinema as often as we used to, because 11)……… most of 12)………. films that are made these days are so poor that they are not worth 13)………. price of 14) ……….. ticket, never mind 15)…….. trouble of getting there.


  1. Choose the right option.
  2. He was a _______ promising student in Maths and Physics at Cambridge and always felt a lingering interest in the _________ subject.

A very, last                                    C highly, latter

B – , latest                                      D quite, later

  1. Pencil marks, ________ those made by writing implements – using fluids, can be ______ erased.

A different, easily                         C unlike, easily

B not like, easy                             D unlike, easy

  1. The islands were named after British explorer and navigator James Cook, who ______ sighted them in 1773.

A firstly                                         C at first

B first                                            D at the first

  1. In the ___ 1990s several companies introduced electronic books, or e-books. These ____ devices display the text of books on a small screen designed to make reading ____ .

A late, computerized, easily          C late, computerized, easy

B last, computerizing, easily         D latest, computerizing, easily

  1. I cannot make up my mind if I ____ them till I _____ when they ____ .

A join, will find out, leave                        C will join, will find out, are leaving

B will join, find out, will be leaving         D would join, would find out, will leave

  1. Cyprus ____ on major migration routes for birds, and in spring and autumn many millions ___ through. Many species also ____ on the island.

A is lying, are passing, will winter            C is lying, pass, wintered

B lies, pass, winter                                    D has lain, have passed, have been wintering

  1. Raphael’s greatest work, “The School of Athens”, ____ in the Vatican at the same time that Michelangelo ____ on the Sistine Chapel.

A had been being painted, worked           C was painting, had worked

B was painted, was working                     D had been painted, was working

  1. Do you see a couple in the corner? Their dessert ____ now. As soon as they ____ it, we ___ their table.

A is served, finish, will take                     C is being served, finish, will take

B is serving, will finish, take                     D has been served, will have finished, will take

  1. Where ___ to? – My mother ____ me to go to the post office because they ___ a break in half an hour. A parcel ___ to us.

A are you going, has asked, will be having, has sent

B do you go, asked, would have, was sent

C are you go, asked, will have had, is sent

D are you going, has asked, will have, has been sent

  1. They ___ married for seven years when their first son _____ .

A have been, was born                  C had been, had been born

B had been, was born                   D were, had been born

  1. I felt I ___ , but there was nobody in the sight.

A had watched                             C was being watched

B was watched                             D had been watching

  1. Look at him! He ____ the same clothes for years.

A wears                                         C had worn

B has been wearing                       D had been wearing

  1. Coal plants ____ one of the worst industrial polluters since the Industrial Revolution ___ in the 19th

A had been, began                                    C have been, began

B were, had begun                                    D were, have begun

  1. The afternoon was the longest Grace ______. She ____ for Tom.

A ever knew, was waiting                        C ever knew, was expecting

B had ever known, was waiting   D  had ever known, was expecting

  1. How _____ the citizens of Babylon or Ur actually _____ their bills, however, depended on who ____.

A did, pay, were they                   C did, pay, they were

B __, paid, they were                    D ___, paid, were they


  1. Complete the text with the correct words from the box. There is one extra word.
blood •  bones • exercises • faces • fat • fitness • foot • heart • health

improve • levels • muscles • numerous • outdated • series • stress


Aerobics is programs of physical 1) …….. that help people improve their level of 2) ……… by temporarily raising their 3) ………. rate and breathing rate. The term aerobics– the original name for the activity- is now somewhat 4)………., and most enthusiasts use the name group fitness or group exercise. They enjoy group fitness classes for the 5)……… benefits they provide and as a way to meet other people. Classes take place in community centres and health clubs all over the world.

The health benefits of aerobic exercise are 6)……. . People who regularly attend classes can 7)……… their cardiovascular health, reduce their body 8) …….. , increase their flexibility, and strengthen their  9)……… . Other benefits include increased energy 10) ………. throughout the day, decreased 11)……….  pressure and cholesterol levels, a strengthening of 12) ……… , improved posture, and a lower level of 13)…….. .

There are many types of group fitness programs. Most are held in classes of 10 to 30 people, usually in an indoor, mirrored room, at a fitness facility. An instructor organizes and leads each class. The instructor 14) ……… the class or the mirror and leads a routine, which is a specific 15)………. of exercise movements synchronized to music. Most classes last one hour and consist of four components.


  1. Choose the right word.
  2. He knew that Mary did not love him and never would; this thought made him …….. .

A unfortunate       B unhappy       C unlucky        D depressing

  1. More and more people are coming to appreciate the contribution he …… to our society.

A brought              B made            C took             D did

  1. I was an hour late because of the ……. traffic.

A  difficult                        B heavy           C hard             D densely

  1. I am a manager and I have to …… with any complaint.

A make                  B consider       C deal              D examine

  1. You must not …….. a motorbike without a crash helmet.

A catch                  B go                C ride              D take

  1. I …… shopping yesterday.

A made                 B came            C managed      D did

  1. She is quite ……. her elder sister.

A different                        B the same      C unlike           D alike

  1. I will buy the house if it is in good …….

A shape                 B form             C colour          D condition

  1. Listen, it sounds …… the church bells.

A as                       B like               C similar          D —

  1. He was often …… to as the architect of the country’s foreign policy.

A considered         B looked         C referred        D mentioned

  1. In most families there is someone who his relatives are …….. of.

A beloved             B ashamed      C confided      D discussed

  1. You could not help enjoying his company, though he was good for ……… .

A everybody         B everything   C anybody      D nothing

  1. He looks …….. he had come into a fortune.

A as                       B though         C if                  D as if

  1. He hoped to be ……. for years of hard work by getting his promotion.

A awarded                        B rewarded     C granted        D prized

  1. Unfortunately, I had time only to ……. the article before the exam.

A look                   B examine       C skim             D glance

  1. Isn’t it …… time you finished watching TV, Andy?

A the                     B –                   C right             D good

  1. He’s been working in the garden since morning, and he is completely ………. .

A exhausted          B destroyed    C tiring            D exhausting

  1. I would ……. him to speak to her in private.

A rather                 B like               C better           D suggest

  1. I had to go the launderette because my washing machine is out of …….. .

A practice              B function       C order            D act

  1. Having lost patience he kicked the engine to try to ……. it work.

A get                     B cause            C force                        D make

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